Fleas can become a serious problem if they infest a home. There are many treatments available, but the best thing to do is never let them get in your home in the first place.
The invention of the vacuum cleaner has really helped to prevent and control flea problems in homes. Three out of the four stages of a flea’s life cycle is spent in carpeting. So, by vacuuming you will be effectively killing eggs, larvae, and cocoons.
Fleas in homes usually lay their eggs in carpeting. Then the flea larvae will hatch and feed on organic material there. Eventually, the larvae will pupate into cocoons. When you vacuum regularly you will be sucking up and killing all flea eggs, larvae, and cocoons. This disrupts the fleas reproduction cycle, and it will stop that entire generation from ever maturing into adults. There will be no more adults to lay more eggs.
If you vacuum regularly and still have fleas, then it may be time to get a more effective vacuum.
Windows and Doors
Do not leave your windows or doors open, because this is just another place where fleas can get in. Always at least have a screen in place. Even if your pets like to go in and out, it is best to open the door manually for them. If you must, get a doggy door. This is a better option than leaving your door open. If screens are torn, replace them immediately. Fleas are not the only pest that can get inside of homes this way. Spiders, mice, snakes, and other insects will be free to enter.
Washing Bedding & Furniture
Along with carpets, bedding, sofas, pet kennels also have a tendency to collect fleas and their eggs. Washing them with soap and water, or using insecticidal spray/powder will help to remove them. Sheets and blankets should be washed regularly in a washing machine. You should be doing this anyway, but if you aren’t, preventing fleas is another good reason to start. If you can, leaving them items to dry in the sun will also help in destroying flea eggs.
Try to keep flea prone areas clean. Common places that fleas like are moist, warm, shady, or any place where pets like to spend their time.
If you have dogs or cats that spend a lot of time outdoors, you should consider getting some sort of preventative flea control. Talk with your veterinarian to see what your options are. Oral medications can be prescribed, or possibly a flea collar.
Check for fleas regularly with a flea comb, and periodically wash them with flea shampoo, just in case. If a guest bring their dog over, ask them if the dog has been treated or checked for fleas. You can never be too careful.